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Peelian Principles

Yesterday I brought you a translation of the Magna Carta, today; Peel's principles.

I've been taking you back to the founding principles of law and policing for a reason. There is a lot of debate on the way demonstrations are policed.

As with every legal argument, the issue is one of balance. On the one hand we must encourage and facilitate our right to protest. On the other hand, where law and order is at risk as a result of the exercise of this right a police response is required. Why is it required? I'm not going to answer this myself; I will let you decide for yourself based on peeling principles. I think principle number 4 is particularly interesting when held against the tactic of kettling. I also like number 9. Let me know your opinions on its relevance to modern policing.

"1. The basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder.

2. The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police actions.

3. Police must secure the willing co-operation of the public in voluntary observance of the law to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the public.

4. The degree of co-operation of the public that can be secured diminishes proportionately to the necessity of the use of physical force.

5. Police seek and preserve public favour not by catering to public opinion but by constantly demonstrating absolute impartial service to the law.

6. Police use physical force to the extent necessary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of persuasion, advice and warning is found to be insufficient.

7. Police, at all times, should maintain a relationship with the public that gives reality to the historic tradition that the police are the public and the public are the police; the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full-time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the interests of community welfare and existence

8. Police should always direct their action strictly towards their functions and never appear to usurp the powers of the judiciary.

9. The test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder, not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with it."

Excuse the lack of formatting, I'm writing this while on my break at work.